رتبه بندی 8 کلان شهرهای ایران از لحاظ سطح توسعه AHP و طبقه بندی 1390

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علمی اقتصاد، دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه اصفهان

3 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد، دانشگاه پیام نور، مرکز اصفهان

چکیده

رشد و توسعه اقتصادی از دیرباز مورد توجه اقتصاددانان بوده است. اقتصاددانان عوامل مختلفی را جهت توسعه اقتصادی یک کشور بر شمرده‏اند. از جمله توجه به توسعه منطقه‏ای و لزوم توزیع متناسب منابع جهت رشد همگون مناطق مختلف یک کشور می باشد. پژوهش حاضر رتبه‏بندی هشت کلان­شهر تهران، مشهد، اصفهان، شیراز، قم، کرج، تبریز و اهواز برای سال 1390 و از لحاظ پنج شاخص اقتصادی، فرهنگی و آموزشی، مسکونی و ساختمانی، بهداشتی و درمانی و‏‏ تجهیزات شهری می‏باشد. جهت این امر از دو روشتاکسونومی عددی و فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی کمک گرفته شده است.نتایج روش تاکسونومی نشان می‏دهد که کلان‏شهرهای تهران، اصفهان، تبریز، کرج، مشهد، قم، شیراز و اهواز به ترتیب از بیشترین سطح توسعه و نتایج روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی حاکی از آن است که کلان‏شهرهای تهران، اصفهان، کرج، مشهد، تبریز، شیراز، قم و اهواز به ترتیب از سطح توسعه بالاتری برخوردار می‏باشند. همچنین در تمامی شاخص‏ها کلان‏شهر تهران از بالاترین رتبه برخوردار بوده است. با توجه به شاخص‏های اقتصادی، کلان شهر قم؛ با توجه به شاخص‏های فرهنگی و آموزشی، تبریز؛ با توجه به شاخص‏های مسکونی و ساختمانی، اهواز؛ با توجه به شاخص‏های بهداشتی و درمانی، اهواز ؛ و با توجه به شاخص‏های تجهیزات شهری، کلان‏شهر قم از جایگاه پایین‏تری برخوردار بوده‏اند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Ranking Eight Metropolitan Cities of Iran in Terms Level of Development AHP and 2011 classifiction

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Monsef 1
  • M. Sameti 2
  • M. Mousavi Madani 3
1 Associatet Professor of Economics, Payamenour University
2 Associate Professor of Economics, Esfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
3 M.A in Economics, Payamenour University, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Economic growth and development has been important to economists. Every economist has mentioned different elements for economic growth. One of these elements is paying attention to regional development and the necessity of appropriate distribution of resources in order to equally develop all regions of a country. These indexes have been categorized into five categories as the following: Economic, cultural and educational, construction and housing, hygiene and treatment, and urban facilities indexes; This study has been done in 2011. To do this study, two methods of numerical taxonomy and the process of hierarchy analysis have been applied. The results obtained from the method of taxonomy show that metropolitan cities, Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, Karaj, Mashhad, Qom, Shiraz, and Ahvaz are the most developed cities in Iran, respectively. The results obtained from the process of hierarchy analysis show that metropolitan cities, Tehran, Isfahan, Karaj, Mashhad, Tabriz, Shiraz, Qom, and Ahvaz are the most developed cities in Iran, respectively

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Developmental
  • metropolitan cities of Iran
  • Numerical Taxonomy
  • process of hierarchy analysis

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